- ls– This command ‘lists’ the contents of your present working directory.
- pwd- Shows you what your present working directory is.
- cd– Lets you change directories.
- rm– Removes one or more files.
- rmdir– Remove an empty directory.
- mkdir– Make a directory.
- ps– Provides a list of currently running processes.
- cp– Copy a file.
- mv– Move a file (this is also used to rename a file, “moving” it from one file name to another.)
- grep– The global regular expression print program lets you search through a file or output of another program.
- find– Find a file on the filesystem (100% accurate, but not fast).
- locate– Find a file on the filesystem from a cached list of files (Fast, but not 100% accurate).
- man- Displays the manual for most commands (including ‘man’).
- clear- clear the screen
- less– view the contents of a file
- nano– a simple text editor
- sudo– execute a command as another user (default as root)
- su– switch user (default to root)
- view– Start in read-only mode. You will be protected from writing the files. Can also be done with the “-R” argument.